Kaczynski: A List of Meanings

Zodiackiller.com Message Board: Ciphers: Kaczynski: A List of Meanings

By Douglas Oswell (Dowland) (116.mercerville-48-49rs.nj.dial-access.att.net - on Tuesday, February 25, 2003 - 03:32 pm:

Linda has just given me a heads-up on the publication of a new book about Kaczynski, titled "Harvard and the Unabomber" by Alston Chase. I haven't received my copy yet, but among the interesting items Linda notes is a reproduction of part of Kaczynski's "key" to his coded journals. Linda has been good enough to render the reproduction in Word format, and I've converted it to PDF. It should offer some serious grist for the cipher enthusiasts among us. You can see a copy at http://home.att.net/~mignarda/meanings.pdf.

This publication appears to hold some promise for a few other interesting tidbits concerning Kaczynski.

By Linda (Linda) (208-59-124-23.s23.tnt1.frdr.md.dialup.rcn.com - on Wednesday, February 26, 2003 - 03:14 am:

Another extremely interesting FBI photo in the book is a "Pair of double-soled shoes Kaczynski designed to obscure his footprints and mislead investigators. Part of his large wardrobe of disguises, it is an example of the care he took to avoid detection."

These double-soled shoes appear to be constructed by gluing or securing in some fashion a smaller sole to the bottom of another pair of shoes, thereby making footprints appear smaller (by at least 1 to 2 sizes) than the user's actual size.

Since TK was supposedly a "distance" killer, I wonder what type crimes he would perpetrate in which he felt he needed to use this type of "red herring."


By Douglas Oswell (Dowland) ( on Wednesday, February 26, 2003 - 10:26 am:

Linda, Kaczynski appears by some accounts to have done quite a bit of stalking around. According to Chris Waites, the FBI all but identified him as a voyeur, and we know from his journals that he did a fair amount of burglary and vandalism. Those shoes probably would have come in handy in those circumstances. It's interesting that he should have gone far enough to try and disguise his shoe size. For most people similarly circumstanced an old pair of discardable shoes or boots would have worked just as well. Kaczynski, however, always has to throw in the red herring.

By Douglas Oswell (Dowland) ( on Friday, February 28, 2003 - 05:39 pm:

I've finally received my copy of the book and am making my way through it now. One thing that Chase brings forth rather strongly is the fact that, as the Unabomber, Kaczynski teased the authorities with a "literary" motif, making ample use of such sources as Sloan Wilson's "Ice Brothers," references to Wagnerian opera, plays on words in old English, and Joseph Conrad's "The Secret Agent." Zodiac, too, employed such a literary motif, very obviously in his allusions to "The Mikado," and less so with "Most Dangerous Game." And if the SLA letter is really a Zodiac production, it's a strong connection to Kaczynski. Interestingly, Chase points out that Kaczynski at one point had studied Chinese.

This thread, however, pertains to ciphers, and within the Chase book there is a reproduction of a Kaczynski cipher laid out in a perfect grid of 42 columns by 52 rows.

By Bookworm (Bookworm) (12-251-72-110.client.attbi.com - on Saturday, March 01, 2003 - 10:43 am:


According to a Crimelibrary.com biography of Ted Bundy, he also studied Chinese. I wonder what the interest was?

"...in 1966 he transferred to the University of Washington, where he began his intensive studies in Chinese."

By Douglas Oswell (Dowland) (pool-151-197-61-78.phil.east.verizon.net - on Saturday, March 01, 2003 - 11:54 am:

Maybe I can explain it by a personal example. I'm an amateur lute player who lives in the city of Dover, Delaware, population somewhere around 30,000. The lute is a very esoteric instrument, and there are probably fewer than 1,500 lute players in the entire country, based on membership in the Lute Society of America. It's probably safe to say that I'm the best lute player in Dover, Delaware--something to plume myself on, no doubt! Bundy probably studied Chinese because he wanted something to distinguish himself, without having to deal with too much competition for the distinction. Kaczynski may have been slightly different in that regard, because I think he could very easily have become perfectly fluent and literate in any language he chose to study. His study of pure mathematics was probably predicated on the fact that it was a field in which he could work completely by himself, without having to interact with others. Further, I'd say that, while Kaczynski was a true intellectual, Bundy's intelligence was a bit more modest.

I find it difficult to believe that no one wants to discuss the ciphers and key that were presented by Alston Chase in his new book, or has even expressed curiosity about the special pair of shoes Kaczynski designed to throw off the police!

By Douglas Oswell (Dowland) (pool-151-197-61-78.phil.east.verizon.net - on Saturday, March 01, 2003 - 11:56 am:

Incidentally, the Chase book has a nice FBI photo of Kaczynski's homemade .22 pistol. I'm no expert on firearms, but the thing is nothing like what I'd expected--it appears to be wonderfully crafted.

By Linda (Linda) (208-59-124-38.s38.tnt1.frdr.md.dialup.rcn.com - on Saturday, March 01, 2003 - 04:46 pm:

I'm just finishing up this book now, Doug, and I'm going to see if I can decode the cipher with the key given. Have you tried yet?

By Douglas Oswell (Dowland) (pool-151-197-173-110.phil.east.verizon.net - on Saturday, March 01, 2003 - 05:11 pm:

I've tried a bit here and there. It appears there's more to it than what's presented in the key.

By ZoeGlass (Zoeglass) (max2-45.evansinet.com - on Saturday, March 01, 2003 - 07:48 pm:

About the time your man was at berkeley its library archieved by three syl. codes all the languages known in the world dead and alive, sometime after his leaving so to did a small piece of the archive. The ultimate code would link all the wriiten languages in the world , but from arabic to the charactor drawings must be impossible. No one really wants to discuss the codes, perhaps we would if we could Doug. My recomendation would be to ask batman to run it through the bat computer.

By Bookworm (Bookworm) (12-251-72-110.client.attbi.com - on Wednesday, March 05, 2003 - 02:41 pm:

Your page link for the code is gone Doug.

By Douglas Oswell (Dowland) (pool-141-151-1-96.phil.east.verizon.net - on Wednesday, March 05, 2003 - 04:11 pm:

I'm in the process of moving my site (new ISP), so something may have gotten lost. Try http://mysite.verizon.net/douglas.oswell/meanings.pdf.

By Bookworm (Bookworm) (12-251-72-110.client.attbi.com - on Thursday, March 06, 2003 - 08:58 am:

Thank you.

What is the purpose of "delete"? Is it an editing term he uses for something he's already written? It hard to tell just by the list.

Those shoes: wouldn't the toe of the shoe touch the ground when he walked in them? I'm wondering how well they worked and if anyone actually tried walking in them.

By Douglas Oswell (Dowland) (pool-141-151-1-96.phil.east.verizon.net - on Thursday, March 06, 2003 - 10:26 am:

Bookworm, I think "delete" means exactly what it says. It's probably calculated to negate the character that immediately precedes it. Kaczynski isn't supposed to have much of a computer background, but I think "delete" is part of the standard ASCII set. It doesn't have much functionality in today's world, but back in the old days when I worked as a typesetter I used it in my file conversions to get rid of unwanted or superfluous code.

The way the shoes are set up the toes would probably touch the ground if the ground were very soft, or he was walking in snow. I think I may scan this photo so everyone can have a look. I don't want to violate anyone's copyright, but this is an FBI photo, and I think I may be able to give us all a peak.

By Bookworm (Bookworm) (12-251-72-110.client.attbi.com - on Thursday, March 06, 2003 - 03:57 pm:

A picture would be easier than trying to visualize the shoe.

I was thinking of computer language too for delete.

79=OM looks like the middle of the word BOMB
80=PLOD looks like the middle of the word EXPLODE
82=ETONA loos like the middle of the word DETONATE
What else could they be?

By Douglas Oswell (Dowland) (pool-141-151-1-101.phil.east.verizon.net - on Thursday, March 06, 2003 - 04:38 pm:

Bookworm, those are my guesses too. Common words in his particular lexicon that he'd want represented by a single symbol.

According to Alston Chase, the FBI cryptanalysts opined that if they hadn't found the key they would never have solved the ciphers.

By Douglas Oswell (Dowland) (pool-141-151-1-101.phil.east.verizon.net - on Thursday, March 06, 2003 - 04:51 pm:

I've scanned two of the FBI photos, one of the shoes and one of the page of code.



I'll keep these up for a couple of days, just to give everyone an idea of what I'm talking about.

By Bookworm (Bookworm) (12-251-72-110.client.attbi.com - on Thursday, March 06, 2003 - 06:47 pm:

I must say, I've never seen anything like those shoes.

Has anyone transcribed his ciphers into print yet?

Che Guevara used a number system too.

By Warren (Warren) (w205.z064002105.hou-tx.dsl.cnc.net - on Friday, March 07, 2003 - 08:11 am:

Those are some bad skids, bro.

By Bookworm (Bookworm) (12-251-72-110.client.attbi.com - on Friday, March 07, 2003 - 08:29 pm:

Are the FBI pictures in Chase's book or did you get them through the freedom of information act?

By Bookworm (Bookworm) (12-251-72-110.client.attbi.com - on Friday, March 07, 2003 - 08:31 pm:

I reread the threads and they are in the book.

By J Eric (J_Eric) (dsc01-lai-ca-3-80.rasserver.net - on Friday, March 07, 2003 - 10:23 pm:

Perhaps one needs the book to explain your codes. But Bookworm on 3/6 did not include is #81, ILL, I suppose going along with whatever theory you're espousing, 'twould be KILL. The obvious question, which I've never seen raised on this site was, Did Allen know Kaczynski? Part of my rendition of the 340 cipher describes Allen in the third person...

By Douglas Oswell (Dowland) (pool-141-151-2-2.phil.east.verizon.net - on Saturday, March 08, 2003 - 08:52 am:

I think the point behind the shoes is that Kaczynski was highly conscious of small things that could constitute evidence against him, to the point where he would proactively create evidence that would tend to exonerate him if he were suspected. That ties in with some of the discussion we've been having about Zodiac, and whether he actually planted "false clues" to throw off the authorities.

By Douglas Oswell (Dowland) (pool-141-151-2-2.phil.east.verizon.net - on Saturday, March 08, 2003 - 08:54 am:

Continuing on the same line of thought, and based on what we see here, would Kaczynski have been the type to purchase a special pair of boots with a particular pattern on the sole for the express purpose of misleading the authorities?

By Bookworm (Bookworm) (12-251-72-110.client.attbi.com - on Saturday, March 08, 2003 - 09:34 am:

You're right about 81. I was thinking ILL as an abbreviation for Illinois, since that is his home state. It could also be the middle of the word willow.

Those shoes would certainly be false clues.

Something else interesting about the key is that there could be some logic to how he set up the key.

The difference between 72-delete and 42-spacer is 40, the difference between 73-delete and 43-spacer which is 40, totals 80-explode. When you explode, it's like deleting and whatever is deleted leaves a space.

Nested between BOMB and DETONATE is KILL and EXPLODE. It's almost like an animation, like clapping two hands and getting sound.

By Linda (Linda) (208-59-124-43.s43.tnt1.frdr.md.dialup.rcn.com - on Saturday, March 08, 2003 - 09:49 am:

The shoes are quite a strange configuration. It certainly would seem so much simpler (and easier) to wear a much larger set of shoes... or glue a larger sole to your own set of shoes...

By Bookworm (Bookworm) (12-251-72-110.client.attbi.com - on Saturday, March 08, 2003 - 11:22 am:

It's probably a better disguise to have smaller feet. It would be easier getting a smaller pair of feet into a larger shoe rather than the other way around.

By Douglas Oswell (Dowland) (pool-141-151-58-217.phil.east.verizon.net - on Saturday, March 08, 2003 - 02:57 pm:

Yes, Bookworm, but who would even conceive of a large foot fitting into a smaller shoe? It would be like a big person disguising himself as a dwarf. If you can pull it off, it's perfect.

By ZoeGlass (Zoeglass) ( on Saturday, March 08, 2003 - 06:09 pm:

This is the best thread yet, perhaps Ted will take credit for the Zodiac Crimes as history is written. After all the shoe need not fit to aquit.

Bookworm my thinking on ILL was I will or I shall. Seems as if everyones on a different wavelength.Somethings will never change , hope it was defused.
Interesting that you wrote "like clapping two hands and getting sound" a complex slap jack ? I haven't seen this book yet, Does anyone recomend it?
because every good code has variation.

By Bookworm (Bookworm) (12-251-72-110.client.attbi.com - on Saturday, March 08, 2003 - 09:34 pm:

Some people pronounce Illinois as Illi(noise)(phonetically spelled). I'm not familiar with slap jack.

I checked, and the book is in the book stores now.
Borders, anyway.

Do they have a date Kaczynski's key was made or year?

By Douglas Oswell (Dowland) (pool-141-151-3-212.phil.east.verizon.net - on Sunday, March 09, 2003 - 02:42 am:

No dates were given on the code.

By Linda (Linda) (208-59-125-219.s473.tnt1.frdr.md.dialup.rcn.com - on Sunday, March 09, 2003 - 11:05 am:

Zoe: I just finished the book and it does offer some very interesting insight into the CIA-sponsored psychological testing of students at Harvard, Ted Kaczynski, among them. Henry A. Murray, These students (volunteers), did not know to what extent they were volunteering. In one type experiment, they were asked to prepare subjected to having their philosophies ambushed and attacked in much the same way an "interrogation" of a suspect or prisoner would be held.

There are things throughout the book that are of interest when it comes to comparison of the Zodiac. One, in particular, discusses Kacyznski's logic about lying. See new thread under "TK & Zodiac - Lies."

By Bookworm (Bookworm) (12-251-72-110.client.attbi.com - on Tuesday, March 11, 2003 - 04:53 am:

His journal may not have been dated but journals are like diaries and they should be able to tell at least what year by what he wrote in his journal. Did it begin (using the code)when he was living in Montana?

The last numbered item in his journal was 89-delete. If items 79-82 could be considered a clap, then the key may have ended on 89 because entering Chicago, where the Eisenhower and Kennedy Expressways intersect, a close-up of the intersection looks like a light bulb, and the Kennedy is I-90/94. 90 is the next number after 89. If you remember that invention, The Clapper, which is still around, you clap your hands and the lights go on. The intersection looks like a light bulb. I haven't been able to find out when The Clapper came on the market.

Could this be an example of Ted's humor?

By Bookworm (Bookworm) (12-251-72-110.client.attbi.com - on Tuesday, March 11, 2003 - 05:19 am:

Another interesting item, is that the Kennedy was called the "Northwest Expressway" in 1960 when it was completed, but changed to "John F. Kennedy Expressway" a week after Kennedy died.

Montana is Northwest US.

By Bookworm (Bookworm) (12-251-72-110.client.attbi.com - on Tuesday, March 11, 2003 - 06:28 am:

It would seem this expressway stuff would be off the Zodiac topic, but it isn't.

An intersection forms a cross-hair like in the Zodiac symbol. This is at the very end of the key. The initials for Kennedy and Eisenhower are KE(Y). Zodiac put a cross-hair symbol at the end of his letters.

The intersection seems to be a personalized cross-hair. The Eisenhower is I-290 and the Kennedy is I-90/94. Kaczynski's Evergreen Park address was 9209 S. Lawndale as shown on P. 373 of Chase's book. The expressway numbers 290 & 90 are in Kaczynski's address 9209. The 0 would be used twice.

By Ed N. (Ed_N) (acc0c834.ipt.aol.com - on Tuesday, March 11, 2003 - 01:39 pm:

Bookworm: if I'm not mistaken, long before the clapper was actually invented, a similar fictional device appeared on Nanny and the Professor (54 episodes, 1-21-1970 to 12-27-1971); it was invented by Professor Everrett's son, Hal. I remember it clearly, but couldn't begin to tell you what episode it was actually in.

By Bookworm (Bookworm) (12-251-72-110.client.attbi.com - on Tuesday, March 11, 2003 - 06:38 pm:

I remember the series, but I never watched the show. It would be interesting to find out.

By obiwan (Obiwan) (ciw1.ciw.edu - on Thursday, March 27, 2003 - 06:23 pm:

Quick questions for Linda & Doug about the book:

--Does the book present the solution to the 42x52 (2184 char) cipher?

--Is the "List of Meanings" posted above supposed to be the key to this cipher?? I don't think it is based on the number of strings of 1 digit numbers in the cipher, ie line 5 would thus begin:


This 42x52 pattern reminds me of a huge "Magic Square" where all the numbers in one row add up to the same number, etc. There is a system for generating large magic squares. Having said that I note that the pattern which begins the cipher 4770 is repeated on line 14. I spotted a few more double-7's. Perhaps 7="L" ?

--If the key to this 42x52 cipher is not the "List of Meanings" then is some other Key given?

--If the meaning of the cipher is not given in the book it would be quite useful if someone could produce an ASCII version of this cipher. I regret that I don't have time to myself.

By Douglas Oswell (Dowland) (pool-141-151-76-111.phil.east.verizon.net - on Thursday, March 27, 2003 - 06:42 pm:

Obiwan, it's good to know you're still lurking about! The caption on the photo of the key states that it was only a part of the key, so I'm assuming there's more to it than what's presented. Perhaps it's some kind of double-encryption. I tried to decipher part of the code matrix using just the "list of meanings," but didn't come up with anything cogent.

I'm a bit pinched for time myself, but if I can scrape a few moments together I might try rendering the page in ASCII.

By Bookworm (Bookworm) (12-251-72-110.client.attbi.com - on Friday, March 28, 2003 - 08:26 pm:

Obiwan and Doug,
Here is a link to an article on the cryptographer who deciphered the journal, which was said to have been written over a twenty year span, and a couple hundred pages long on notebook paper. Others think there is more to it than what was deciphered.


By obiwan (Obiwan) (ciw1.ciw.edu - on Tuesday, April 01, 2003 - 09:05 pm:

Bookworm. Thanks for that article. Say, would you or Linda be willing to write out and post the letters found in the 42x52 cipher found in the book by Chase and viewable at:

If any numerals are unclear they can be represented as "?". It looks like a lot but if we take it one line at time we can get a lot of text to work with. Then we can run a frequency analysis and, if its a simple substitution cipher, decode it quickly. (I'm assuming that a decoding is NOT listed in the book)

Thanks to anyone who helps!

To get you started the first line begins:
4 7 7 0 1 3

By Bookworm (Bookworm) (12-251-72-110.client.attbi.com - on Wednesday, April 02, 2003 - 08:57 am:

There isn't a decoding in the book of the 42X52 cipher in the book.

Like on Doug's scan of the cipher, in the book the upper right hand corner is dark. However the numbers show up better in the book. It might be a good idea if the dark area is double checked to make sure everyone gets the same numbers.

I can do a little at a time, but do you want it typed out like the first numbers you posted with a space between the letters?

By Linda (Linda) (208-59-124-213.s213.tnt1.frdr.md.dialup.rcn.com - on Wednesday, April 02, 2003 - 10:46 pm:

Obi... I'd be glad to try. Like Bookworm, I can do a little at a time. If Bookworm can take the first 26 lines, I'll tackle the last 26. Maybe putting them on an Excel Spreadsheet might be a good idea. Linda!

By obiwan (Obiwan) (ciw1.ciw.edu - on Thursday, April 10, 2003 - 10:11 pm:

Douglas: A while back you posted ciphertext for TK's journal entry from Sep. 1980 under the "CODE CHALLENGE" discussion (that link has now expired). Have you attmpeted to see if the "List of Meanings" can be used to decode this cipher into the known clear text which has been revealed by the FBI. I tried to decode the small image of the journal entry on your website using list of meanings, but the numbers are hard to read.

By Douglas Oswell (Dowland) (pool-151-197-37-117.phil.east.verizon.net - on Thursday, April 10, 2003 - 11:37 pm:

Obiwan, I've posted that ciphertext again at http://mysite.verizon.net/douglas.oswell/codes.gif. Maybe you can make something of it; however, I tried plugging in values from the "listing of meanings," and got nothing but gibberish. I wonder if there was some other part to the encryption that we don't know about, or perhaps more than one key?

By Lapumo (Lapumo) (p51-40.as1.clm.clonmel.eircom.net - on Friday, April 11, 2003 - 08:08 am:

Just a suggestion,perhaps not more than one "key" per se but the same key applied by shifting the numbers.Certainly would have saved much time and effort making it more practical for him in terms of keeping track of what he wrote.
Perhaps there is a "way in" here.He does set out his numbers in blocks, presumably each block representing one word. I would look to the list of meanings for such combinations as "ing"(in this case represented by 11) and see if any correlations show up.
Example :- Look for numbered blocks ending with say the number 13, if a match could be found everything else would fall into place.In this case making it a shift of 2.It could be something a simple as progressive sequencing or relating to the date on which he wrote.

By Lapumo (Lapumo) (p51-40.as1.clm.clonmel.eircom.net - on Friday, April 11, 2003 - 08:33 am:

Something else I note is that the following numbers appear to stand alone and must be either
individual words,spacing or punctuation.
27,30,33,35,51 and 69.It is interesting in the "list of meanings" list that different values are in blocks or groups.Individual letters, word endings, punctuation. In Doug's code here it may be telling that the stand alone numbers appear to run from 27 thru 35(at least).This suggests that whatever they are,they are all the same group.
It does argue in favor of a shift I think.

By obiwan (Obiwan) (ciw1.ciw.edu - on Friday, April 11, 2003 - 10:13 pm:

Thanks for posting that TK ciphertext again, Douglas. Using it, and your previously posted cleartext English translation of that code, I have come to the conclusion that the LIST of MEANINGS (LOM) was NOT used to encode this ciphertext, at least not in any simple way. Here's what I did:

--First I note that the cipher in codes.gif contains numbers ranging up to 99, while the LOM only encodes numbers up to 89, so its apperent that something more must be at play.

--Still, pressing on with LOM, I wrote a simple computer program to translate any sequence of numbers (0-89) into their TK meanings using LOM

--Next, I focus in on the Ciphertext: "the difference is that 2 46 53 15 35 55 42 41 63 31 80 87 71 35 46 46 91 34 91 29 36 38 to a degree"

If the numbers between "that" and "to" are converted to English words using LOM, we get gibberish, as Doug mentioned: was/were E K there , M C B S he/she/it/('s) PLOD st Z et cetera.

--Now Lapumo suggested that by shifting all the designations in LOM, we might find something more meaningful. In particular we know from the FBI that the sequence above signifies: I AM NOW ABLE TO STRIKE BACK. Thus 2 should map to "I". There are 2 designations for "I" in LOM: the letter I=51 and the pronoun I=29. These options would suggest shifts of (51-2 = 49 and 29-2 = 27 respectively). Using my program I found however that if these shifts are applied to the LOM, we still get nonsense (note that I arbitrarily set any numbers above 89 equal to zero to use the LOM).:

I a/an er T when tion is/am/are for toward PLOD A E you/your/yours when a/an a/an G " G delete where st

I/me/mine/my delete PLOD C S ETONA X W for P and in will_have S delete delete big R big N S T

So, at present, I'm not satified that the LOM as presented in the aforementioned book can be used in conjunction with ANY TK writing. If someone has the book and can provide more information, that would be appreciated.

-57, 41, 51

ps. Lapumo: your observation on "Stand Alone" nubmers is interesting. However, as Doug mentioned before, it is quite likely TK put in spaces between numbers as a distraction, while using his own code numbers (ie 32 &33) to indicate "SPACE".t any numbers above 89 equal to zero to use the LOM

By Lapumo (Lapumo) (p51-29.as1.clm.clonmel.eircom.net - on Saturday, April 12, 2003 - 09:29 am:

Looking at the ciphertext;- "the difference is that 2,46,53,15,86,35,55,42,41,63,31,80,87,71,35,
46,46,91,34,90,29,36,38 to a degree" we have 23 numbers between the written text.This appears to match perfectly with "I am now able to strike back,"(23 including punctuation).However I doubt if we can take that at face value and attribute
"I" as represented by 2 for instance.While it might be correct it does cause problems with subsequent matches.The big problem here is the number 46.If taken at face value 46 represents three different letters (A,I,K)which I suggest is unlikely.Perhaps 46 has a null value. I do note that 46 is one of the more frequently used numbers
(approx 10 times). That would mean that within this sentence is a number designed to represent a combination that would account for the loss of three numbers(46).
I have not yet looked at this in depth,so I am open to be corrected, however the only other double I see is 45.This is used in the second last line of the first page.It does appear to match with the word "Duzzent". Therefore 45=Z.
I think it is also the only time 45 is used, which fits.
Have you ran frequency stats on this Obi?
What do you make of the circled "11" on the top of both pages?
Can any of you tell me what's written beside the circled 11 at the top of page 1?
45/46= ZAIK. Is 47 OD? :)

By obiwan (Obiwan) (ciw1.ciw.edu - on Monday, April 14, 2003 - 09:25 am:

OK Here's my transcription. Please feel free to proofread this as I might have left some numbers out, as I did in my post above, which Lapumo corrected.

FROM: http://mysite.verizon.net/douglas.oswell/p9.html
TK's journal, dated Sept. 15 1980.
Description: Top of Pages say "APRIL 26" and "APRIL27" also have have some number/letter designation plus the number 11 circled, plus some other letters too.

Since 35 46 33 34 7 90 18 16 70 78 51 99 63 52 85 72 45 9 6 72 0 91 97 58 54
79 57 76 21 52 40 88 78 69 20 27 43 56 83 35 55 83 30 46 41 48 . 37
35 49 35 75 4 58 99 72 83 85 , 92 12 81 36 17 35 44 35 51 36 38 20 85
36 26 you understand, but the difference is that 2 46 53 15 86 35 55
42 41 63 31 80 87 71 35 46 46 91 34 90 29 36 38 to a degree. True,
10 23 29 15 0 1 15 13 23 42 64 54 96 48 34 ; 42 61
41 26 32 25 41 25 51 54 49 77 34 92
29 59 37 25 84 99 41 88 29 27 70 62 49
66 93 6 27 7 20 55 19 91 52 53 90
3 85 82 5 46 52 58 79 52 49 91 60
69 23 84 64 1 58 67 , 27 54 52
19 61 99 95 32 37 81 . 46 6 33 30
51 64 62 94 45 45 57 30 18 27 12
11 66 29 90 29 85 52 41 49 ,


48 0 60 88 2 53 75 66 61 8 28 28
45 41 58 51 19 21 81 26 47 .
83 10 61 78 50 25 60 43 55 5 92 89
86 84 20 79 33 43 80 67 , 36 82 36
87 46 32 10 80 38 89 53 16 37 61 85
16 98 16 28 49 5 31 5 60 70 85 79
28 39 54 83 90 44 56 31 0 32
53 64 77 6 . 25 63 19 77 64 . 94 18 15
4 56 44 26 64 26 76 56 16 5 7 33 84
30 75 , 31 81 62 65 32 51 98 62 33
21 61 34 28 48 58 64 . 73 41 48 78 12
91 74 64 50 47 55 65 1 20 61 17 54 5 25
61 52 99 63 5 54 69 46 87 13 34 26
42 61 81 23 82 1 92 94 29 89 0 .
42 68 16 59 58 26 85 55 16 73 88 5
42 40 41 19 30 78 91 9 42 38 25 46
47 58 46 25 20 83 3 58 71
83 26 24 44 16 66 90 85 63 56 5 31 31 77 .
0 64 34 35 95 31 46 77 51 38
38 15 94 3 41 48 79 31 63 70 23 84 20 .

Assuming this to be correct, the most frequent characters in the ciphertext are:

Symbol Frequency
46 12
41 10
64 9
61 9
85 9
58 9
35 9
5 9
. 9
31 8
26 8
25 8
52 8
16 8
34 7
29 7
42 7
54 7
20 7
51 7
83 7

By Lapumo (Lapumo) (p51-108.as1.clm.clonmel.eircom.net - on Monday, April 14, 2003 - 10:17 am:

Thanks again Obi, good job.I have been at this now for about 2 hours and its fascinating.He has almost every angle covered.I am making progress but it is slow.We have the code and the solution and it's still not easy to match it up.I suspect there are a large amount of null values and combinations in here.I do not think there is any way to compare this to the list of meanings until we first figure out what's going on here.
My guess is a Beale cipher with "extras".I still believe the "Extras" may be "grouped" as in the "list of meanings".
I only see four doubles 46(between written text),45 second last line of first page)
28(first line of second page) and 31(third last line of second page).
Have a look at line 8 on the second page:-
53,64,77,6,25,63,19,77,64. We have 64 and 77 swapping around. The only possible match I see is "the police aRE aftER me.If correct it means that one of the numbers in between has a null value.I still think the 45=Z.Also 75 might represent the "?" its around the right place and I think it's the only time that number is used.
I thought at first that the double "31" might represent the double "C" in "occur". However 31 is used again after that and there are no "C's" left.This does tie in with suspicions I have at this stage regarding the numbers in the later 20's early 30's.35 and 36 are also used suspiciously.
What's really clever here is the way he defends the written text.For anyone attempting to decrypt this is the obvious place to start.I think he knew that and I believe it is also why he chose to write plaintext here in the first place.He would be constricted in some ways if confined to a strict beale cipher.The particular plaintext in question contains 4 double letters U,T,F and E with the U T and E repeated in close proximity.Had he used numbers here it would have been much easier to decrypt.On the flip side anyone working just before or after this plaintext
has false values to contend with.
Do you agree or disagree with any of the above?

By obiwan (Obiwan) (ciw1.ciw.edu - on Monday, April 14, 2003 - 09:20 pm:

Sounds good, Lapumo, except 45=Z. If so then how do we explain the other 45's, given that there are no other Z's in the cleartext? Other 45's: P. 1, line 3; p. 2, line 2. One possibility is that, as in LOM, some of the characters represent "DELETE", ie they nullify either the character before or after. These could be in addition null characters you mention. Another thought is deliberate misspellings: how about "CRIMEZ" ?

One angle to work on is the word STRIKE. It appears twice next to English text in the code so we can map it onto cipher numbers pretty well.

... 87 71 35 46 46 91 34 90 29 36 38 to a degree. True,10 23 29 15 0 1 15 13 23 42 64 54 96 48 34 ; 42 61 ...


S T R I K E B A C K , T O A D E G R E E . T R U E , I C A N ' T S T R I K E

Another key word may be "DEVIL" since it is unlikely any Beale like Key would contain this rare word so it would have to be spelled. out.

By Lapumo (Lapumo) (p51-82.as1.clm.clonmel.eircom.net - on Tuesday, April 15, 2003 - 06:16 am:

Right on 45 Obi, I had missed it.I had come to be suspicious of it anyway because I do not see the other doubles on the page matching up either.
I don't really know where you are heading with "Devil" unless your talking about it being represented by a single digit.The key would not have to contain that word just the letters that make it up.
At a pure guess I would be inclined to look at material he wrote himself,perhaps from his manifesto.Its early stages yet and for some reason I don't see a easy map on to words "strike back". In one sense it defeats the purpose because he would have went to all this trouble and then provided us with an "easy in".It is the most logical place to begin because of the plaintext at both sides. I think he protected it well.I was approaching it along similar lines though trying to isolate single letters and then compare the numbers in between.
I worked off the only "X" in the text, in the word "eXtent".
Perhaps you can follow my logic here and tell me what I am missing or what is missing from this text.
The letter X comes after "True" and before the end of page one.Therefore between the two should be a number used only once in the entire code.
Unless I missed a match (possible) the only number
that fits here is 96.This comes 13 places after the word "True".If correct then the 12 numbers before it must represent "I can't strike back to anything like the". That would call for a few combinations as there are more letters than numbers.Now there are combinations there but the do no match up with the sequence of numbers.As you can see we have two numbers used twice.
10,23,29,15,0,15,13,23,42,64,54 (23 and 15).
I can only deduce at this point that X is not represented by 96.The only other thing I can think of at this time is that he had a second motive for placing the numbers in groups(apart from defending individual words).Perhaps some lead numbers were designed to render the entire block void.I do not see any way the 23 and 15 can be accomodated together at this point.15 however does comes 4 places after the plaintext both times
suggesting a link with "Strike".

By Bookworm (Bookworm) (12-206-173-245.client.attbi.com - on Tuesday, April 15, 2003 - 06:29 am:

I'll work on the first twenty-six lines, then we can proof read.

By Lapumo (Lapumo) (p50-255.as1.clm.clonmel.eircom.net - on Tuesday, April 15, 2003 - 08:06 am:

This was a pencil and paper effort so there might be some errors.Some more stats:- Numbers 14 and 22 are not used at all and the only two letters missing from this decryption are J and Q.
For numbers used only once I have 11,24,65,68,93 and 96.(perhaps also 74 if the number on the last line is 79)
I have 35 used 9 times(same as Obi)however of note is that it appears 8 times in the first 10 lines and is not used again until the second last line of the second page.
We missed one more double number(38)on the second to last and last lines of page 2.

By Lapumo (Lapumo) (p50-236.as1.clm.clonmel.eircom.net - on Tuesday, April 15, 2003 - 08:44 am:

The writing on the top of page one appears to be K2046A or Kz046A and I think the word "area".
Anyone see anything different?
Obi,I ansewred my own question on the 96 issue. 93 is there also.

By Lapumo (Lapumo) (p50-32.as1.clm.clonmel.eircom.net - on Tuesday, April 15, 2003 - 09:28 am:


Perhaps we have a match here.The X represented by one of the numbers used only once(93).This would appear to be reinforced by the matching 27/E on both sides.Not proved as yet but perhaps we could branch out from here and see how things fit.

By obiwan (Obiwan) (ciw1.ciw.edu - on Tuesday, April 15, 2003 - 11:03 pm:

Lapumo, I should have given you the full stats, it would have saved you some effort. It didn't dawn on me that the LEAST frequent letter could be more important than the most frequent. These stats agree with the stats you mentioned, like 14 & 22 not being used and 96 &93 used only once. I think using "X" as a break-in is a great plan. We are getting somewhere. (ps sorry about the formatting of this post)

TK Symbol : Frequency
46 : 12
41 : 10
64 : 9
61 : 9
85 : 9
58 : 9
35 : 9
5 : 9
. : 9
31 : 8
26 : 8
25 : 8
52 : 8
16 : 8
34 : 7
29 : 7
42 : 7
54 : 7
20 : 7
51 : 7
83 : 7
91 : 6
36 : 6
38 : 6
90 : 6
48 : 6
49 : 6
55 : 6
63 : 6
0 : 6
79 : 5
33 : 5
78 : 5
77 : 5
32 : 5
30 : 5
28 : 5
27 : 5
23 : 5
53 : 5
56 : 5
99 : 5
84 : 5
19 : 5
15 : 5
81 : 5
, : 5
37 : 4
92 : 4
70 : 4
1 : 4
44 : 4
45 : 4
94 : 4
66 : 4
6 : 4
88 : 4
62 : 4
60 : 4
7 : 3
10 : 3
3 : 3
21 : 3
12 : 3
18 : 3
80 : 3
69 : 3
72 : 3
43 : 3
89 : 3
47 : 3
87 : 3
75 : 3
82 : 3
86 : 2
65 : 2
17 : 2
13 : 2
57 : 2
59 : 2
73 : 2
9 : 2
67 : 2
98 : 2
50 : 2
4 : 2
2 : 2
76 : 2
95 : 2
40 : 2
71 : 2
68 : 1
8 : 1
74 : 1
11 : 1
39 : 1
24 : 1
97 : 1
96 : 1
93 : 1
14 : 0
22 : 0

By Lapumo (Lapumo) (p51-17.as1.clm.clonmel.eircom.net - on Thursday, April 17, 2003 - 06:25 am:

Any headway Obi? I won't have a lot of time over the next few days but I did notice something else, perhaps you could take a look.
On line 11 of the second page beginning with the second number in (61) we have a run of 39 numbers,where the 61 matches the letter E four times.This might only be the result of coincidence given the stats on the letter E and there are apparent problems with 54 in the same sequence.However it is long enough to a least warrant a further look.
aftEr me.Or in which I am thrEatenEd with some supEr.
Alternately,within the same sequence (lines 12 and 13) we have an interesting run worth looking at in;-
61,17,54,5,25,61,52,99,63,5,54.11 numbers with three repeats (61,54,and 5)

By Bookworm (Bookworm) (12-206-173-245.client.attbi.com - on Thursday, April 17, 2003 - 07:03 am:

The thick line at the top of the page of code almost looks like a sequence of DNA. It can be seen better in the book photo of the page. The striations in the scan make it more difficult to see.

By obiwan (Obiwan) (ciw1.ciw.edu - on Thursday, April 17, 2003 - 01:41 pm:

My Last message didn't go through. Here it is again. Other than this, no progress, not much time either.

Lapumo, I followed up on your comment that 35 appears many more times on the 1st page than the second page. I ran stats for the two pages separately, and got quite DIFFERENT numbers. Perhaps just a coincience or perhaps he uses a different key for each page, similar to a Vignier (sp?) cipher which has multiple keys, each of which considered by itsself isn't too hard too solve. In the interest of space, here's the most and least popular cipher symbols.


TK Symbol : Frequency
35 : 8
52 : 7
46 : 7
41 : 6
29 : 6
49 : 5
27 : 5
85 : 5
54 : 4
36 : 4
34 : 4
58 : 4
51 : 4
90 : 4
91 : 4
99 : 4


65 : 0
50 : 0
68 : 0
98 : 0
8 : 0
73 : 0
47 : 0
14 : 0
39 : 0
74 : 0
89 : 0
22 : 0
24 : 0
28 : 0


5 : 8
. : 7
16 : 7
31 : 7
61 : 7
26 : 6
64 : 6
25 : 5
28 : 5
46 : 5
58 : 5
77 : 4
63 : 4
41 : 4
56 : 4
48 : 4
42 : 4
38 : 4
20 : 4
0 : 4
83 : 4
85 : 4


72 : 0
93 : 0
11 : 0
27 : 0
96 : 0
14 : 0
97 : 0
22 : 0
57 : 0

By Lapumo (Lapumo) (p51-75.as1.clm.clonmel.eircom.net - on Thursday, April 17, 2003 - 03:42 pm:

I would think Obi,that the change in numbers occurs for practical reasons.The fact that 35 appears numerous times in the first few lines and then disappears until the end of the second page means two things(IMHO).One,35 is linked with at least one other number to represent the same thing
and Two,it is used in sequence.
What I expect we will eventually find is that another number/s come into play (representing the same letter)instead of 35.Then that/those disappear for a few lines and 35 comes up again.I would expect for instance, if we had the next page of this Journal that 35 would again be prominent at the top of the next page.
The fact that 35 appears so regurarly in the first few lines suggests that it represents a frequently used letter/or something frequently used.
If you look at the symbols in the 340 cipher the same technique is employed.Zodiac uses approx 55 symbols in the first five lines, after that you will notice that the more commonly used ones disappear for a few lines then show up again.
They are being used in rotation to disguise the more frequently used letters.
Of course,DOH! now that I'm thinking about it, perhaps we can cut down the options here.35 appears 6 times between the word "Since" and the words "you understand".Therefore it is a null value,something not yet defined or a letter that appears 6 or more times in the intervening text.
"committing the crimes reported elsewhere in my notes I feel better. I am still plenty angry".
Therefore if 35 represents a letter it can only be
E,R or T and cannot be any other.
E used 13 times,T used 6 times and R also 6 times.
Taking that to the next step, the number 35 is used twice between "THAT and "TO" (a degree).
The text reads " I am now able to strike back"
As there is only one R and one T, if 35 represents a letter it must be E.Having said all that, 35 is the first number after the word "since"
and E does not make sense there.Combine that with our earlier suspicions about this number being used in isolation in a few places and it must represent a void/ space or delete instruction.
Do you agree?

By obiwan (Obiwan) (ciw1.ciw.edu - on Friday, April 18, 2003 - 10:42 pm:

Lapumo, yes... I agree that you seem to have shown that 35 does not correspond to a single letter in a one-to-one way, throughout the first 2 segments of text we have to work with. Hence either:

It is not a letter but it could be a space, delete, null, etc. OR:

It has different meaning in different parts of the cipher text. If so then discerning just where it changes its meaning is crucial.

If 35 is a null character to be ignored this has one important consequence: There are not now enough remaining ciphertext characters to represent the known cleartext on a one-to-one basis. Hence we then require that some characters represent multiple letters, perhaps even words.

Can you imagine having to figure this out without the benefit of knowing what it said???

By Douglas Oswell (Dowland) (pool-141-151-82-191.phil.east.verizon.net - on Saturday, April 19, 2003 - 08:08 am:

I wonder if perhaps some kind of modulus arithmetic was done with the numbers? Or perhaps, along another line, the first digit in each pair stands for a row of letters, while the second digit represents the position within the row? One could thus have up to ten rows with ten letters in each. 35 would be "third row, fifth position," etc.

By Lapumo (Lapumo) (p51-27.as1.clm.clonmel.eircom.net - on Saturday, April 19, 2003 - 08:43 am:

I think were are going to be damn lucky to match it up as is!. I have spotted something else that suggests this may be more complicated again(I'll come back to it).
Speaking about this in general terms I would not be looking for a changing code or different keys.I do not think it a case of a number representing one thing in one place and something else in another.That's not to say I am right but I would make the following argument:-
This is a very short Journal extract..his diary.
I would bet that he would have been able to read this/translate to words,without ever going back to consult his key.The information would be on the page and I believe he would have been that familiar with it.Being what it is, I don't see it being practical for him to take out another book of notes to find where and when he changed things around.The key may have changed over time(perhaps once a month or a couple of times a year)however, if it were to change I think we would be looking at a single digit key that moved everything together by the same factor.In other words the same "general key" as opposed to a brand new encryption technique.There's no doubt he had a hell of a code here,but its a daily journal, and would have to be practical enough to allow a continuous flow if you like.
As we see, this text only covers two days(if that)
It does appear to be something written at one sitting, rather than his thoughts on two different days.Crucial perhaps is the information written at the top of the page.The circled 11 and what appears to be K2046A. At this stage I get the feeling that this information tells him what's going on "crytographically" on the page.With the "circled 11" indicating that both pages have the same key.Now,I could be a million miles away,but that's how I'm viewing things at the moment.
We have another big factor to consider here that I noticed yesterday.I haven't all my homework done so the conclusions reached are not fixed as yet.I was trying to get a handle on the letter "K".This letter appears only 5 times. However it repeats in a small area in and around the written text.
"I am now able to striKe bacK" and "I cant striKe bacK to anything liKe". Following the same general methodology as with the "35",I laid out the following ground rules.
K can only be represented in three ways.On it's own,as a partial word ,a full word,or a combination of all.That it repeats in such a small area means that whatever numbers represent
it,these can only occur in a defined area and the same numbers cannot exist outside of this area.
I therefore thought,aided by the written text that we could isolate possibilities. K had to be represented within the 23 numbers between the written text and possibly up to four lines after the word "True"(another 42 numbers)There would have to be (I thought) some nubers within this total of 65 that could not repeat outside of this area, because K does not appear outside of this area.The only number that qualifies here is 96.(unless I have made a mistake). Clearly that does not cover it.We don't even have to move outside the "23 numbers" (between text) because every number within is repeated elsewhere out of range of where the letter K could be represented.
I can only make the following conclusions;-
1.The numbers do have alternating values.
2.We do not have the full text.
Both,I feel unlikely.
3.The key includes numbers designed to delete entire blocks of numbers.Example:- a block starting or ending with 45 is meant to signal the
deletion of the all the numbers that come before or after that number,in that block.
4.Similar to 3, only that the number representing K (and others)are included throughout the code but that the number that preceedes or follows it,is designed to signal it deletion.
5.This code is not a straight left to right,line by line read.
6.I have made a mistake or missed something.
I'll wait to hear what you think.

Doug,do you have any other pages from this Journal?

By Lapumo (Lapumo) (p51-27.as1.clm.clonmel.eircom.net - on Saturday, April 19, 2003 - 08:51 am:

You could well have a good point there Doug.It certainly does not appear to be a straight match up.I am still drawn toward this "circled 11" for some reason.There could be some link up with numbers that total 11.29,83 etc.It would also be interesting to have the stats on the numbers that begin each block.There does appear (at a glance) to be some repeats and or numbers from particular blocks 30's 40's etc.Analysis could show this was by design rather than by chance.

By Douglas Oswell (Dowland) (pool-151-197-173-158.phil.east.verizon.net - on Saturday, April 19, 2003 - 01:41 pm:

Lapumo, I've got quite a few pages, but they're teeny-tiny and difficult to enlarge.

By Lapumo (Lapumo) (p50-24.as1.clm.clonmel.eircom.net - on Saturday, April 19, 2003 - 03:15 pm:

Perhaps you could look at other pages and tell me if the writing at the top of the page changes.Is there another number that replaces the circled 11,or if the K2046A changes.If so, can we match it to dates? It might be an indicator that the key changes over time.
Also,as we have isolated the number 35, can you tell if it appears in "blocks" as spoken about above.In other words, appears for a few lines and then disappears in sequence.
I would also please ask if you agree or disagree with the "code versus diary" suggestions I made.
By that I mean, that the key could not change significantly because it would not be practical.
And/or any other suggestions/ideas.

By obiwan (Obiwan) (ciw1.ciw.edu - on Monday, April 21, 2003 - 07:27 pm:

Lapumo: I agree in priciple that it is most logical, and practical for TK to be able to read this diary entry on the fly, using only the "Key" at the top of the page, and not some sheet of lookups.

I also agree with your analysis regarding the letter "K". (You didn't mention it but you implicitly assuming a possible HOMOPHONIC cipher, eg where 23, 96 and 58 all represent "K") However you found that no matter which cipher symbol represented K in the text "I cant striKe bacK to anything liKe" that same symbol DID NOT REPRESENT K elsewhere. !!! Thus I agree that Either:

1.) The meanings of the symbols CHANGE over the course of the text we have with to look at OR

2.) Some of the characters are intended to be ignored.

Actually I just thought of another possibility: It could be that instead of: 1 TK Number = 1 English Letter, the code could be 2 TK Numbers (taken together, eg 35,21) = 2 English letters (ie TH) This would mess up a frequency analysis

By obiwan (Obiwan) (ciw1.ciw.edu - on Monday, April 21, 2003 - 08:38 pm:

I have an idea on how TK's code works. It may not be correct but it incorporates everything we have seen so far: 1.) The actual ciphertext journal entry with its Key, K2046A
2.) the 42x52 Block of semi-random digits 3.) the List of Meanings. and 4.) Also Doug's suggestion of a 2-dimensional block.

First Step: Look at the Key at the Top of the page, this tells you which portion of the huge 42x52 Block will be your lookup table. For example, suppose the Key were something like A0101A. This might mean take the top 10x10 cells in the table.

Second Step: Now use each number in the cipher journal to pick out a number from your 10x10 grid, ie using the method Doug mentioned. 35 would represent the (3,5) entry on the grid (=2 in the present case)

Third Step: Now look up each of these numbers in the "List of Meanings".

There could be several variations on this, ie it might not be a 10x10 grid, it could be larger. And there could be another way of mapping 0-99 onto the grid cells.

This would explain why the numbers on the 42x52 Grid are not random but seem to be organized so as to insure fair representation of all of the numbers in adjacent sections.

If this theory is correct, it would imply that we should NOT find the numbers 90-99 on the 42x52 grid because they do not map to anything in the list of meanings. (Can anyone with a clear copy of the Grid check this?)

Here's another followup idea: Perhaps each of the Keys (eg. K2046A) was a PHYSICAL MASK, ie a large sheet of paper, with a hole cut out of it through which you could see, say 100 numbers, after the mask was placed on top of the 42x52 grid. The mask would have markings that let you associate the ciphertext numbers 0-99 with a new set of 100 numbers, found on the Grid, each of which represented English words/letters via LOM. Several masks could be created. This way with a simple paper mask you get many different coding schemes, but all you need to memorize is the List of Meanings.

By Douglas Oswell (Dowland) (pool-151-197-120-55.phil.east.verizon.net - on Tuesday, April 22, 2003 - 04:05 am:

Obiwan, I believe those "K" numbers were placed there by the FBI, not Kaczynski. See Lapumo's post above, where he asked me to check the documents--I intended to come back later and do this, but set it aside and forgot. In the set of court exhibits from which these blocks of ciphertext were taken, the documents are referenced by these numbers. The circled numbers at the top appear to be Kaczynski's page numbers, although some pages have two circled numbers, and it's hard to tell whether the others are his or not.

By Linda (Linda) (208-59-124-149.s149.tnt1.frdr.md.dialup.rcn.com - on Saturday, May 03, 2003 - 04:37 am:

There is an excerpt in Chris Waits/Dave Shors Book, "Unabomber: The Secret Life of Ted Kaczynski" of an FBI Transcription from Ted's coded journal which notes by the FBI, "To further complicate his numerical code, Kaczynski used no apostrophes, created misspellings and altered word breaks." Then below, they have an example:


Obiwan, I thought this excerpt might be of interest in helping to decipher the other coded message.

Too, I think it's interesting here to note the last sentence as to how TK was proud of himself for playing it so cool when the authorities came to his door...reminds me of Zodiac's message where he ridicules the police for not recognizing that they had actually spoken with Stine's killer.

In both cases, both Zodiac's letter and TK's journal notes to himself, can't you just picture each "laughing" to themselves about pulling it over on the police (cops, as both Z and TK say).

By Bookworm (Bookworm) (12-206-173-245.client.attbi.com - on Friday, May 09, 2003 - 08:36 am:

Just an observation:
"but the task of filling up the blanks, I rather leave up to you" Kathleen Johns "Little List" letter.

Grid size 42 by 52 is close to TK's birthdate with a fill in the blank for one number. In the grid, there are also some numbers in the boxes that look like they are to one side or other, as if a part of the number were missing.

Example: Row 4 over 2, the number 4, and Row 5 over 24, the number 3. Both are to the left of the box, and I am comparing with other boxed numbers of 4 and 3 which are in the middle of their little box.

5/2-/42 -TK birthdate